Themes:

Community Health Nursing

The community health nursing theme considers nursing in partnership with people to promote health where they live, work, learn, and play. Primary areas of work are in diverse rural and urban settings such as, public health units/departments, home health, community health agencies/centres/clinics, family practices, occupational health, outposts/nursing stations, on the street, faith organizations, shelters, schools, correctional institutions, aboriginal communities, addictions, government, and educational institutions. The practice of community health nursing combines nursing theory and knowledge (including social sciences and public health sciences) with home health and primary health care principles.

Reference:Community Health Nurses Association of Canada (2008). Community Health Nursing Standards of Practice. Toronto


Research Funding

Contributing to, and Learning from, the Lives of Older Adults: Practical learning experiences in the care of older adults as trained community volunteers for health care

Health TAPESTRY (Health Teams Advancing Patient Experience: Strengthening Quality) is a community-based approach, centered in primary care, which aims to promote optimal aging through four...

 Active

 2016-2017

Co-Primary Investigator

Patient/Caregiver Engagement in Community-Based Research on Older Adults

The goal of our proposed project is to evaluate a) our engagement approaches and b) the impacts of involving older adult patients and family caregivers in the design and implementation of...

 2016-2017

Primary Investigator

Advancing a pan-Canadian primary care framework: optimizing the role of Registered Nurses and Nurse Practitioners.

This research project was undertaken for the Canadian Nurses Association (CNA) by the Canadian Centre for Advanced Practice Nursing Research. This report summarizes the issues and policy options and...

 Completed

 2013-2014

Co-Investigator

Home & Community Care with a focus on transitions between institutional and community care settings. Ontario SPOR Support Unit – IMPACT Award Home & Community Care

This is a pragmatic effectiveness-implementation trial to evaluate a hospital-to-home transitional care intervention compared to usual care for older adults with multiple chronic conditions and...

 Active

 Feb. 1, 2016- Sept. 30, 2016

Co-Investigator

Scholarly Work

Canadian Centre for Advanced Practice Nursing Research (CCAPNR) Faculty Member

CCAPNR involves a group of multi-disciplinary, university-based researchers dedicated to creating new solutions for problems that challenge health and social services through the use of new models of care and evaluation. The team engages in research and professional education activities to address CCAPNR goals.

 Active

Committees

Health in the Hubs

The McMaster University School of Nursing (SON) is dedicated to improving the health of residents in our local communities and fulfilling the School’s mission of community engaged scholarship.

 Active

Projects

PANMCC Webinar Series

WHO Collaborating Centers are designated by the Director-General, WHO, as part of an inter-institutional collaborative network of centers worldwide. They are established to provide concrete activities at the national, regional, and global levels, in support of the strategic plans of specific WHO areas of work.

 Active

Projects

A Canadian application of EUGENIE – a web-based application to support high older adult users of emergency rooms to access community health and social services assisted by trained primary health care volunteers

EU-GENIE is an online tool that volunteers can use with clients. It can help them describe their support network and can link them to relevant local community resources that are tailored to the interests of the client.

 Completed

Projects

A Questionnaire for Assessing Community Health Nurses’ Learning Needs

This article reports on the development and psychometric testing of a learning needs assessment questionnaire related to the Canadian community health nursing Standards of practice.

 Completed

Articles

Advanced Practice Nursing: A Strategy for Achieving Universal Health Coverage and Universal Access to Health

This paper examines advanced practice nursing (APN) roles internationally to inform role development in Latin America and the Caribbean to support universal health coverage and universal access to health.

 Completed

Articles

Advancing a Pan-Canadian Primary Care Framework: Optimizing the Role of Registered Nurses and Nurse Practitioners: Final Report

A technical report commissioned by the Canadian Nurses Association. 1-116. This report summarizes the issues and policy options and will inform CNA’s future role and strategies for advancing a pan-Canadian primary care framework that optimizes the role of registered nurses (RNs) and advanced practice nurses in primary care interprofessional teams.

 Completed

Reports

Community Health Nurses’ Learning Needs in Relation to the Canadian Community Health Nursing Standards of Practice: Results from a Canadian survey

Canadian Community health nurses (CHNs) work in diverse urban, rural, and remote settings such as: public health units/departments, home health, community health facilities, family practices, and other community-based settings.

 Completed

Articles

Computers and the Internet: Tools for youth empowerment

Youth are often disenfranchised in their communities and may feel they have little voice. Since computers are an important aspect of youth culture, they may offer solutions to increasing youth participation in communities. This study involved public health nurses to support the school-based community development project.

 Completed

Articles

Enabling Youth Participation in School-based Computer-supported Community Development

Schools are a main setting for health promotion for youth. A one year qualitative case study was undertaken in an inner-city, Canadian school. It explored factors that enabled and constrained youth in the process of a school-based computer-supported community development (CD) project. This paper reports on Dr. Ruta Valaitis' PhD thesis results.

 Completed

Articles

Fostering Interactions: The networking needs of community health nursing researchers and decision makers

The purpose of the study on which this article is based was to determine the current extent of linkages among Canadian community health nursing researchers and decision makers and to identify perceptions around the structure and function of potential networks.

 Completed

Articles

Implementation and maintenance of patient navigation programs linking primary care with community-based health and social services: a scoping literature review

This paper fills a gap in knowledge to reveal what is known about motivators and factors influencing implementation and maintenance of patient navigation programs in primary care that link patients to community-based health and social services. It also reports on outcomes from these studies to help identify gaps in research that can inform future studies.

 Completed

Articles

Member of the Advisory Committee Orientation: Transition Program for Nurses New to Public Health

From 2006 - 2009, Dr. Ruta Valaitis was a member of the Advisory Committee for the design and development of an Orientation Program for new nurses transitioning into public health careers.

 Completed

Committees

Member of the CASN Education Subcommittee for Public Health

From 2004 to 2012, Dr. Ruta Valaitis was a member of the CASN Subcommittee for Public Health.

 Completed

Committees

Member of the expert advisory committee of Ontario’s Ministry of Health and Long-term Care’s “Optimization of the Nursing Workforce Working Group” for the Nursing Secretariat reporting to the Joint Provincial Nursing Council

Expert advisory committee member of Ontario’s Ministry of Health and Long-term Care’s “Optimization of the Nursing Workforce Working Group” for the Nursing Secretariat reporting to the Joint Provincial Nursing Council (JPNC).

 Completed

Committees

Nurse Practitioner Caseload in Primary Health Care: Scoping Review

To identify recommendations for determining patient panel/caseload size for nurse practitioners in community-based primary health care settings. There are few systems in place to track and measure community-based primary health care nurse practitioner activities. The development of such mechanisms is an important next step to assess community-based primary health care nurse practitioner productivity and determine patient panel/caseload size.

 Completed

Articles

Online Communities of Practice as a Communication Resource for Community Health Nurses Working with Homeless Persons

This study explored community health nurses' viewpoints about a Canadian online community of practice to support their practice with homeless or under-housed populations.

 Completed

Articles

Online Discussions with Pregnant and Parenting Adolescents: Perspectives and possibilities

The Internet is an innovative strategy to increase public participation. It is important to include pregnant and parenting teens' perspectives when planning programs to meet their needs. This qualitative study explored online discussions as a strategy to enhance participation by this population.

 Completed

Articles

Optimizing Registered Nurse Roles in the Delivery of Cancer Survivorship Care within Primary Care Settings

To address increasing pressures for cancer survivorship care, provincial cancer agencies have introduced new models of post-treatment follow-up involving earlier transition of cancer survivors back to primary care (PC) providers. It is unknown how nurses in PC settings have responded to this practice change. The purpose of this qualitative descriptive study was to examine registered nurses' (RNs) perspectives of the strengths, gaps, barriers and opportunities for optimizing nursing roles in the delivery of cancer survivorship care within PC settings.

 Completed

Articles

Phase 2: Strengthening the Quality of Community Health Nursing Practice: A Pan Canadian Survey of Community Health Nurses’ Continuing Education Needs Study

The purpose of this second phase of the study was to identify current practice activities of CHNs across all Canadian Provinces and Territories and to measure their continuing education needs in relation to the CCHN Standards.

 Completed

Reports

Preparing the Community Health Nursing Workforce: Internal and External Enablers and Challenges Influencing Undergraduate Nursing Programs in Canada

The Canadian Schools of Nursing (CASN) Task Force on Public Health was mandated to facilitate Schools of Nursing to provide students with the foundation required to meet the Canadian Community Health Nursing Standards of Practice. As a member of this Task Force Dr. Valaitis led this paper which reports on an environmental scan that explored barriers and enablers influencing the integration of community health nursing content in baccalaureate education in Canada.

 Completed

Articles

Primary Health Care and Nursing Education in the 21st Century: A discussion paper

Report to the WHO. Primary health care (PHC) is a philosophy and an educational practice approach. Nursing is one of the key services for the delivery of PHC. The purpose of this background paper is to examine PHC education for nurses in the globalized world.

 Completed

Reports

Representative for Canadian Association for Schools of Nursing (CASN) at a National Summit for Ontario Health Information Highway

In 2002, Dr. Valaitis was a representative for CASN at the National Summit for Ontario Health Information Highway. This conference was related to health Informatics and held at the University of Victoria, British Columbia.

 Completed

Committees

Street Smarts ↔ Book Smarts: Three Neighborhoods and One University School of Nursing Partnering for Health

This article describes the development, implementation, and evaluation of an interdisciplinary undergraduate course embedded within a campus–community partnership initiative involving McMaster University School of Nursing, and three urban priority neighborhoods in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada. The experiential course focuses on building knowledge and skills in community participation and community improvements for health and continues to be offered today. This primary health care collaboration between the campus and three Hamilton neighbourhoods was led by Dr. Valaitis and supported by the Health in the Hubs team.

 Completed

Articles

Students

Picture Name Degree Ruta's Role Thesis Topic More Info
Jennifer Nicholl Jennifer Nicholl MScN Supervisor Community Nurse Networker, A Priority Neighbourhood Pilot More Info.
Cara-Lee Coghill Cara-Lee Coghill MScN Supervisor Exploring the Built Environment and Physical Activity in Rural Ontario Health Units More Info.
Kristina Chang Kristina Chang MScN Supervisory Committee Member Home & Community Care with a focus on transitions between institutional and community care settings (Ontario) More Info.
Maneet Chahal Maneet Chahal MScN Supervisory Committee Member Community mental health services for East Indian immigrant families in Peel Region More Info.
Stephanie Chiu Stephanie Chiu MS eHealth Supervisory Committee Member Developing the Design for an Online Diuretic Care Tool for Older Patients with Heart Failure by Evaluating its Interactions with HF Patients and Caregivers More Info.
Janice Feather Janice Feather MScN Supervisory Committee Member A Narrative Exploration of a Nurse Navigator Role in Primary Care More Info.
Lindsay Yuille Lindsay Yuille MScN Supervisory Committee Member Primary Care Nursing Roles in Cancer Support More Info.
Kenneth Nwosu Kenneth Nwosu MS eHealth Supervisory Committee Member Design and Evaluation of a Two Way Interactive Video eConsult System (TWIVES): A Web-Based Care and Continuity Solution Enabling Secure and Private Patient-Provider Connections When Mobility is Limited or Commuting is Not an Option More Info.
Mary Guise Mary Guise PhD Supervisor Computer-mediated-conferencing: support for preceptors of senior nursing students More Info.
Anita Stern Anita Stern PhD Supervisor The Complexity of Family Caregiving: Use and Perceptions of Home Telehealth in Palliative Cancer Care More Info.
Ellen Buck-McFadyen Ellen Buck-McFadyen PhD Supervisor Social Capital in Rural Communities More Info.
Tracey Lovett Tracey Lovett MScN Supervisory Committee Exploring structures and processes that support collaborative practice amongst community health nurses who work with breastfeeding families More Info.
Jeri Dunne Jeri Dunne MSCN Supervisory Committee Member Approaches to Public Health Practice: Exploration of Chronic Disease Prevention in Ontario Health Units More Info.
Christine Kurtz-Landy Christine Kurtz-Landy PhD Committee Member Nursing, Health and social Service utilization by “at risk” postpartum women More Info.